Primary school maths curriculum topic guides
Discover what children learn in primary school maths and learn key concepts with our range of topic guides and practice questions for children in Reception to Year 6.
Created by our team of learning professionals, each guide is direct from the award-winning DoodleMaths work programme, making them perfect for SATs revision or practising tricky topics. Click on a year below to view all topic guides for that year.
What do children learn in primary school maths?
As outlined in the national curriculum, children in primary school develop their understanding of the fundamentals of mathematics and build their knowledge of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division throughout KS1 and KS2.
In Years 1 and 2, pupils use visual aids to help them build their understanding of mathematical methods. As they move up through school, they will begin to use more complex written methods to calculate solutions, while building their confidence in using mental arithmetic.
Children also look at the role and various forms numbers can take, such as whole, positive and negative numbers. By the end of Year 6, they will be able to round numbers to a given degree of accuracy and work confidently with negative numbers.
Throughout primary school, children also build on their knowledge of multiplications. By the end of Year 6, children will be able to instantly recall multiplications up to the 12 times table, and be able to use this knowledge in solving questions.
Children also build their understanding of measurements, including time, money and distance. By later years, they will be able to read, simplify and convert between them as required.
Children also learn about how data can be represented. From basic bar charts to axis on a grid, they will learn how to read and record data from an array of charts and diagrams.
Pupils will also focus on building their knowledge of 2D and 3D shapes, lines and angles. As they progress through school, they will be able to name more complex shapes, and later record and draw angles and lines of symmetry.
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Home learning resources
Discover our range of printable worksheets and topic guides for other primary years to support your child's maths home learning. They're a great way to revise difficult topics and top-up your child's learning outside of school or during the holidays.
Lesson topic worksheets
Our printable curriculum-aligned worksheets are a fantastic way to practice key areas of maths.
Curriculum-aligned topic guides
Revise key topic areas for Years 1 to 6 with our online how-to guides and practice questions.
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